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Commune Councils
Released on 2012-02-24
The decentralization of loca governance to democratically-­‐elected Commune Councils is in theory a welcome step for democracy in the Kingdom of Cambodia (“Cambodia”). However, the fact that independent candidates are barred from participating in Commune Council elections seems to contradict the central aim of decentralization, namely bringing democracy closer to the people by increasing the degree oflocal representation. In fact, the political process at the local level now entrenches political control at all levels of government.
The Senate
Released on 2012-01-27
Cambodia has a bicameral parliament consisting of the Senate and the National Assembly. The Senate plays an advisory role in terms of legislation and is elected indirectly by commune councilors and representatives of the National Assembly. Whilst the Senate is viewed as being in tune with principle of democracy and transparency, the manner in which senators are voted in and the restrictions to its mandate raise substantive question as to its effectiveness.
Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Intergovernmental Commission on Human Rights
Released on 2011-11-30
The AICHR is a step towards greater promotion and protection of human rights in ASEAN. However, there are flaws within the AICHR including the inability of AICHR to sanction Member States for human rights abuses and the failure to provide measures for effective human rights protection.
The National Assembly
Released on 2011-10-28
The ruling Cambodian People’s Party (“CPP”) has used its two‐thirds majority to enact internal rules within the National Assembly which require members of parliament to sit as groups of ten, effectively denying individual members access to parliamentary debate. Thearbitrary administrative requirements have been used to stifle opposition and minority party opinions in parliamentary debate.
The State
Released on 2011-08-31
The Kingdom of Cambodia ("Cambodia") fails not only to match up to objective definitions of a "state", but also to adhere to its own constitution, which envisaged and prescribed a liberal democracy that observes the rule of law, with robust and independent state institutions to act as democratic checks and balances on the power of the executive.
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